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Central nervous system damage،4 early signs that you need to know

Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease that involves damage to the central nervous system and is no longer treatable. Therefore, to avoid long-term consequences, it is important to identify and treat the disease in the early stages: here are some of the signs that can indicate the disease

Central nervous system damage

According to global estimates, there are about 2.8 million people with MS, with the global rate of patients gradually increasing,

Central nervous system damage،4 early signs that you need to know

 It is a disease of the central nervous system that can cause a variety of symptoms in different organs in the body. Most experts believe that this is an autoimmune condition in which the immune system attacks healthy tissues and organs in the body. In cases of multiple sclerosis,

 The immune system attacks the myelin sheath, which is believed to protect nerve fibers in the brain and spinal cord, as well as the optic nerves. At the same time, the disease can cause damage and destruction of nerve fibers.

MS can cause a wide range of symptoms, some of which appear routine and can be caused by a variety of other diseases,

In fact, the appearance of both symptoms alone is not a cause for concern. But a combination of multiple symptoms may indicate the development of multiple sclerosis. Here are some early symptoms that are worth knowing about.

A person with MS in a wheelchair

4 early signs that you need to know

1. Blurred vision

There are a variety of factors that can lead to vision problems. However, if you experience loss or blurring of vision in one eye that accompanies the pain and persists for more than a few days,

It is recommended to see a doctor for a medical examination. Many sclerosis patients describe blurred vision as looking through steam-filled sunglasses.

2. Facial paralysis

Facial paralysis is a condition in which paralysis occurs on one side of the face and is often caused by damage to the facial nerves. This is one of the first symptoms of multiple sclerosis. In a special study that examined 107 patients with multiple sclerosis, 19.6% of the subjects developed facial paralysis during the follow-up period of about four years. In about 4% of subjects, facial paralysis was the first initial symptom and preceded the onset of remaining symptoms by 6-36 months of age.

3. Weakness or numbness in the extremities

Weakness or numbness in the upper or lower extremities can be an early sign of multiple sclerosis. Besides, persistent lameness and a feeling of circumcision can also indicate the development of multiple sclerosis if they persist over time.

4. Severe and persistent dizziness

Dizziness is known to be due to a variety of causes, but if it is due to multiple sclerosis, it is usually more severe and lasts for several days. In patients with sclerosis, dizziness may be so severe that it will lead to difficulty walking due to impaired sense of balance due to the disease. 

Symptoms may include:

  • Persistent or sudden onset of a headache.
  • A headache that changes or is different.
  • Loss of feeling or tingling.
  • Weakness or loss of muscle strength.
  • Loss of sight or double vision.
  • Memory loss.
  • Impaired mental ability.
  • Lack of coordination.